Sinaia

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Sinaia is one of Romania’s finest holiday resorts, deep into the Carpathian Mountains. In the late 19th century, King Charles I of Romania chose Sinaia as his summer residence and built the fabulous Peles Castle, which is today the city’s best-known landmark.

Getting to Sinaia is made easy by train since it is on the main line between Bucharest and Brasov. All trains that go to Hungary pass Sinaia, as do those that service Oradea, Braşov and Cluj-Napoca. There are also many trains to and from Sighisoara, Timişoara, Iaşi and Arad. Sinaia is also accessible by intercity coach from Braşov, but the train is the better option.

ID
96350
Name
Sinaia
State ID
4729
State Code
PH
State Name
Prahova County
Country ID
181
Country Code
RO
Country Name
Romania
Latitude
45.35000000
Longitude
25.55000000
WikiData ID
Q16898486

Sinaia (Romanian pronunciation: [siˈnaja]) is a town and a mountain resort in Prahova County, Romania. It is situated in the historical region of Muntenia. The town was named after the Sinaia Monastery of 1695, around which it was built. The monastery, in turn, is named after the Biblical Mount Sinai. King Carol I of Romania also built his summer residence, Peleș Castle, in Sinaia in the late nineteenth century.

Sinaia is about 65 kilometres (40 miles) northwest of Ploiești and 48 kilometres (30 miles) south of Brașov, in a mountainous area on the Prahova River valley, just east of the Bucegi Mountains. The town's altitude varies between 767 to 860 metres (2,516 to 2,822 feet) above sea level.

The city is a popular destination for hiking and winter sports, especially downhill skiing. Among the tourist landmarks, the most important are Peleș Castle, Pelișor Castle, Sinaia Monastery, Sinaia Casino, Sinaia train station, and the Franz Joseph and Saint Anne Cliffs. Sinaia was also the summer residence of the Romanian composer George Enescu, who stayed at the Luminiș villa.

Climate

Sinaia has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification).

Summers are bracing and very rainy at the beginning of the season. Winters are moderately cold, with heavy snow.

A uniform layer of snow is deposited usually in November and it melts from March to April, sometimes at the beginning of May. The thickness of the snow layer varies between 20 centimeters (7.9 in) and 3 meters (9.8 ft) in higher elevations.

In recent years, Sinaia has felt the effects of global climate change.

Nature preservation

In the town of Sinaia and its surroundings restrictions are in place regarding cutting down or picking flora. The felling of trees is not allowed. It is forbidden to pick any alpine plants. Severe punishments are enforced for anyone who gathers : the Mountain Peony (Rhododendron Kotsky), Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), and the Yellow Gentiana (Gentiana lutea). Tourist camping is only authorized in designated places, following necessary and compulsory protection standards.

The mountainous area in which Sinaia is located is in the Bucegi Natural Park region. The Park covers a total area of 326.63 square kilometres (126.11 sq mi), of which 58.05 km2 (22.41 sq mi) are under strict protection and contain natural monuments. The Bucegi Natural Preserve area includes all the most precipitous areas of the mountains Vârful cu Dor, Furnica, and Piatra Arsă. The mountainous area is continuously patrolled by mountain rescue patrols as well as by members of the Mountain Police.

At the entrance to the Cumpătu district, one can find the “Sinaia alder-tree grove” botanical reservation placed under the protection of the Romanian Academy and the Bucharest Biology Institute. In the same district, there is also another ecological research station under the patronage of UNESCO – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, belonging to the University of Bucharest, which also includes a museum of Bucegi Mountains fauna.

Tourist attractions

  • Peleș Castle
  • Pelișor Castle
  • Sinaia Monastery
  • Sinaia Casino International Conference Center
  • Carmen Sylva Cultural Center
  • George Enescu Memorial House
  • Dimitrie Ghica park and the Bucegi Reserve Museum
  • Heroes Cemetery
  • Franz Joseph and Saint Anne Cliffs
  • Old electrical power plant
  • Sinaia railway station
  • Many other old villas
  • Bucegi Mountains with a cable car connecting the resort with Cota 1400 and Cota 2000
  • Baiu Mountains
  • 16 ski slopes
  • 4 mountain-bike trails

Sinaia Forever Festival

Sinaia Forever, or the Autumn Festival, is one of the main festivals that takes place in Sinaia. The goal of the festival is to recreate the atmosphere of the 1940s while bringing in modern performers. The festival once took place during the last weekend of September, but was just recently changed to the first weekend of the month. During the festival, the downtown area of Sinaia is closed off to motorized vehicles. It becomes full of people, food stands, and children's rides. The three-day festival consists of the opening parade, concerts from well known musical artists of Romania, and amusement rides.

International relations

Sinaia is twinned with:

  • Aosta, Italy
  • Cetinje, Montenegro
  • Hod HaSharon, Israel
  • Cascais, Portugal
  • Thame, United Kingdom
  • Kuşadası, Turkey
  • Athis-Mons, France

Notable residents

  • George Enescu
  • Romanian Royal family
  • Claudiu David

Gallery

References

References


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