Algeria

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Learn About the current population of Algeria, the language spoken in Algeria, the capital city, time zones, country code and more.

Freedom of religion in Algeria is governed by the Algerian Constitution, which declares Islam as the state religion but also declares that “freedom of belief and opinion is inviolable”; it prohibits discrimination, Article 29 states that “All citizens are equal before the law.

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About Algeria

Algeria, officially the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia; to the east by Libya; to the southeast by Niger; to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara; to the west by Morocco; and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered part of the Maghreb region of North Africa.

It has a semi-arid geography, with most of the population living in the fertile north and the Sahara dominating the geography of the south. Algeria covers an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), making it the world’s tenth-largest nation by area, and the largest nation in Africa, being more than 200 times as large as the smallest country in the continent, The Gambia. With a population of 44 million, Algeria is the ninth-most populous country in Africa and the 32nd-most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city is Algiers, located in the far north on the Mediterranean coast.



National Anthem

“Kassaman”, or “Qassaman” (Arabic: قَسَمًا, “we pledge”, “the oath” or “we swear”), is the national anthem of Algeria. Moufdi Zakaria authored the lyrics, while the music was composed by Egyptian composer Mohamed Fawzi. The song was adopted as the national anthem in 1962 when the country gained independence from France. 

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Flag

Algeria

The National Flag of Algeria

The national flag of Algeria is comprised of two vertical bars, green and white, of equal width. Positioned at the centre is a red star and crescent, symbolizing Islam as the predominant faith of the nation. This flag was officially…

Cities and Towns in Algeria

Béchar

Béchar

countryboyDec 19, 20231 min read

Located in western Algeria, Béchar is a town in the northern Sahara expanse, approximately 36 miles (58 km) south of the Moroccan border. The town derives its name from the nearby Mount Béchar, which reaches an elevation of 1,600 feet…

Oran

Oran

countryboyJan 8, 202311 min read

Oran is a port city in the northwest of Algeria. It is considered the cradle of raï music. Fort Santa Cruz, an Ottoman citadel rebuilt by the Spaniards, sits atop Mount Murdjadjo; it offers views of the bay below. The Chapel of Our Lady…

Algeria

Constantine

countryboyJan 9, 20237 min read

Constantine (Arabic: قسنطينة Qusanṭīnah), also spelt Qacentina or Kasantina, is the capital of Constantine Province in northeastern Algeria. Constantine was named the Arab Capital of Culture in 2015. During Roman times it was called Cirta and was renamed “Constantina” in honour of emperor Constantine the Great.…

Jijel

Jijel

countryboyDec 19, 20231 min read

Jijel, also known as Djidjelli during French colonial times, is a captivating port city in northeastern Algeria, gracing the Mediterranean coastline. It’s the capital of the Jijel Province and holds a rich history dating back to Phoenician times. Jijel’s past…

Ghardaia (Ghardaïa)

Ghardaia (Ghardaïa)

countryboyDec 19, 20231 min read

Ghardaïa is a city located in the Algerian Sahara Desert, approximately 600 km south of Algiers. It is the capital of the M’zab Valley, a region known for its five fortified cities, built in the 11th century by Ibadi Berbers.…

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